Baden Lab

Visual information processing and the natural input

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  1. Baden T and Euler T. Retinal Physiology: Non-Bipolar-Cell Excitatory Drive in the Inner Retina. Current Biology  26(15):706:8. direct link.
  2. Euler T and Baden T. Computational Neuroscience: Species Specific Motion Detectors. Nature doi:10.1038/nature18454. direct link.
  3. Franke K*, Berens P*, Schubert T, Bethge M, Euler T§, Baden T§. Balanced excitation and inhibition decorrelates visual feature representation in the mammalian inner retina. biorXiv; doi: direct link.
  4. Theis L, Berens P§ , Froudarakis E, Reimer J, Roman Roson M, Baden T, Euler T, Tolias AS, Bethge M. Benchmarking spike rate inference in population calcium imaging. Neuron 90(3):471-82. direct link.
  5. Baden T*, Berens *P, Franke K*, Roman Roson M, Bethge M, Euler T§. The functional diversity of mouse retinal ganglion cells. Nature. doi:10.1038/nature16468. direct link. F1000 recommendation by Dick Masland.


  1. Kulkarni MM, Schubert T, Baden T, Wissinger B, Euler T, Paquet-Durand F. Imaging Ca2+ dynamics in cone photoreceptor axon terminals of the mouse retina". JoVE (99) doi 10.3791/52588; direct Link
  2. Baden T, Chagas AM, Gage G, Marzullo T, Prieto Godino LL, Euler T. Open Labware - 3D printing your own lab equipment. PLoS Biology. 13(3):e1002086.doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1002086. pdf; direct link


  1. Baden T*, Nikolaev A*, Esposti F, Dreosti E, Odermatt B and Lagnado L§. (2014). A synaptic mechanism for temporal filtering of visual signals. PLoS Biology. 12(10): e1001972. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001972. pdf Supplementary [1] [2] [3] [4] [Primer by Suh & Baccus]
  2. Euler T§, Haverkamp S, Schubert T and Baden T. (2014). Retinal Bipolar cells: Elementary building blocks of vision. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 15:507-519. pdf Suppementary [1] [2]


  1. Baden T*, Schubert T*, Chang L, Wei T, Zaichuk M, Wissinger B and Euler T§. (2013). A Tale of Two Retinal Domains: Near Optimal Sampling of Achromatic Contrasts in Natural Scenes Through Asymmetric Photoreceptor Distribution. Neuron 80: 1206-1217. pdf Supplementary [1]
  2. Yusuf S, Baden T and Prieto Godino LL. (2013). Bridging the Gap: Establishing the Necessary Infrastructure and Knowledge for Teaching and Research in Neuroscience in Africa. Metabolic Brain Disease. DOI 10.1007/s11011-013-9443-x. pdf
  3. Baden T§, Euler T, Weckström M and Lagnado L. (2013). Spikes and Ribbon Synapses in Early Vision. Trends in Neurosciences 36(8):480-8. pdf
  4. Baden T§, Berens P, Bethge M and Euler T. (2013). Spikes in Mammalian Bipolar Cells Support Temporal Layering of the Inner Retina. Current Biology 23(1), 48-52 pdf Supplementary [1]


  1. Auferkorte ON, Baden T, Kaushalya SK, Zabouri N, Rudolph U, Haverkamp S and Euler T§. (2012). GABA(A) receptors containing the a2 subunit are critical for direction-selective inhibition in the retina, PLoS ONE, 7(4):e35109. pdf


  1. Baden T, Esposti F, Nikolaev A and Lagnado L§. (2011). Spikes in retinal bipolar cells code visual stimuli with millisecond precision. Current Biology (21): 1-11. pdf Supplementary [1]
  2. Dreosti E*, Esposti F*, Baden T and Lagnado L§. (2011). In vivo evidence that retinal bipolar cells generate spikes modulated by light. Nature Neuroscience 14(8): 951-2. pdf Supplementary [1]
  3. Cederlund ML, Morrissey ME, Baden T, Scholz D, Vendrell V, Lagnado L, Connaughton VP and Kennedy BN§. (2011). Zebrafish Tg(7.2mab21l2:EGFP) Transgenics reveal a Unique Population of Retinal Amacrine Cells. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 52(3):1613-21. pdf

2010 and before

  1. Baden T and Hedwig B§. (2010). Primary Afferent Depolarisation and Frequency Processing in Auditory Afferents. Journal of Neuroscience 30(44): 14862-9. pdf
  2. Baden T and Hedwig B§. (2009). Dynamics of free intracellular Ca2+ during synaptic and spike activity of cricket tibial motoneurons. European Journal of Neuroscience. 29(7):1357-68. pdf
  3. Baden T and Hedwig B§. (2008). Front leg movements and tibial motoneurons underlying auditory steering in the cricket (Gryllus bimaculatus deGeer). Journal of Experimental Biology. 211(13):2123-33. pdf
  4. Baden T and Hedwig B§. (2007). Neurite-specific Ca2+ dynamics underlying sound processing in an auditory interneurone. Developmental Neurobiology 67(1):68-80. pdf
  5. Becker AJ, Klein H, Baden T, Aigner L, Normann S, Elger CE, Schramm J, Wiestler OD and Blumcke I§. (2002). Mutational and expression analysis of the reelin pathway components CDK5 and doublecortin in gangliogliomas. Acta Neuropathologica. 104(4):403-8. pdf
  6. Becker AJ, Urbach H, Scheffler B, Baden T, Normann S, Lahl R, Pannek HW, Tuxhorn I, Elger CE, Schramm J, Wiestler OD and Blumcke I§. (2002). Focal cortical dysplasia of Taylor's balloon cell type: mutational analysis of the TSC1 gene indicates a pathogenic relationship to tuberous sclerosis. Annuals of Neurology. 52(1):29-37. pdf

Other publications / pieces of writing

  1. Maia Chagas A and Baden T (2015). Open Source Toolkit. PLoS Blogs. link
  2. Baden T. Habilitation thesis. Nonlinearities in early vision. pdf
  3. Baden T and Euler T. (2013). Early Vision: Where (Some of) the Magic Happens. Curr. Biol. 23(24):1096-1098. pdf
  4. Baden T, et al. (2013). Neurowissenschaften in Afrika - Kooperationen und Perspektiven. Neuroforum. 2:73-74. pdf
  5. Baden T, Zorovic M and Hedwig B. (2008). Motorische Kontrolle der akustischen Orientierung von Grillen. Neuroforum 4:267-273
  6. Baden T. (2008). PhD thesis. Activity Patterns and Calcium Dynamics of Sensory Interneurons and Motoneurons of the Cricket Auditory Pathway. (Supervisor: B Hedwig, Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge). pdf
  7. Baden T. Analysing the neuronal computer (2007). ßluesci 8:1. doc