Despite extensive research on the optics of the eye and neuronal processing of the optical image that is projected on the retina, the following questions, related to our every-day visual experience, remain particularly exciting:
- the neural "image sharpening" mechanisms in the eye, their algorithms and time courses
- how the eye deals with the prominent effects of chromatic aberrations, whether they are useful or disturbing
- how defocus is detected and how it guides accommodation and emmetropization
- how spatial vision is limited by the optics at low luminances
- how spatial visual performance varies over the day, given that there are diurnal variations in eye length and intraocular pressure
- how scattering of light in the healthy eye limits contrast vision and glare
Solving these questions will not only lead to optimized optical corrections but also to a deeper understanding of visual functions.
Within the frame of 6 clusters, which are directly linked to the questions raised above, several Work Packages will be jointly performed by the network partners.